Nominativo genitivo dativo accusativo latino dating
Achilles vindictae Hectora necavit. Tibi magnas divitias dabo. Delphos litteras per duos legatos mittam.
One pattern was shared by the first and second declensions, which derived from the Proto-Indo-European thematic declension. In the first and second declension singular, the locative is identical to the genitive singular, and in the third declension singular it is identical to the dative singular. There is a small class of masculine exceptions generally referring to occupations, e. The stem of the noun can be identified by the form of the genitive singular as well.
The genitive singular is the same as the nominative plural in first-, second-, and fourth-declension masculine and feminine pure Latin nouns. Multi homines dolore necati sunt.
Prae nive milites non profecti sunt. There are a few exceptions. The dative case marks the recipient of an action, the indirect object of a verb. The accusative case marks the direct object of a verb. It can be used to express motion towards something, with or without a preposition.
Nemo sine amicis felix est. In the plural the vocative is always identical to the nominative. In archaic times, the locative singular of third declension nouns was interchangeable between the ablative and dative but, in the Augustan period, the use of the dative became fixed. Catilina cum furore pugnabat. This order reflects the tendencies of different cases to share similar endings see below.
The predominant letter in the ending forms of this declension is a. The genitive case expresses possession, measurement, or source.
Carthago a Romanis deleta est. Lucius dixit Tulliam ab Iulio amari. The dative, ablative, and locative are always identical in the plural. The vocative case is used to address someone or something in direct speech. The nominative singular form consists of the stem and the ending -a, and the genitive singular form is the stem plus -ae.
They are often abbreviated to the first three letters. The nominative singular for adjectives, masculine nominative singular is used as the reference form of the word.
Much of the case's function had been absorbed into the ablative. Vediamo un esempio, con il soggetto in grassetto.
Quando si vuole indicare il dovere di qualcuno, si usa il genitivo della persona senza altri elementi. Ego tecum stabo si tu mecum stabis. Multi patiuntur ob paucorum inopiam.
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